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17周年钜惠
  • that引导宾语从句无意义

  • 来源:重庆书之香 日期:2016-03-10
  • 知识点总结

    在句子中起宾语作用从句叫做宾语从句。宾语从句要抓住三要素:引导词、语序和时态。

    一.引导词

    1.从句为陈述句,常选择引导词thatthat引导宾语从句无意义不充当句子成分常省略。例句:he told us (that) they would help us through the whole work.

    2.从句为一般疑问句,常选择引导词if或whether,表示“否”。在 whether … or not 结构中不能用 if 替换。例句:i don’t know if there will be a bus any more.

    3. 从句为特殊疑问句常选择what,whenwhere,whichwhohow等的疑问代词、副词作引导词。 例句:he didn’t tell me when we should meet again.

    二判断时态情况:

    1.主句一般现在时,从句可以为各种时态。

    2.主句一般过去时从句要用相应过去时态。

    注意:从句描绘客观事实、真理自然现象等,从句时态不受主句时态限制,仍用一般现在时。

    例句:he answered that he was listening to me.

    father told me that practice makes perfect .

    三、宾语从句语序要用陈述句语序

    陈述句语序,就主语在前,谓语动词后。

    错误: he is wondering when can he finish this difficult job.

    正确: he is wondering when he can finish this difficult job.

    注意:宾语从句的否定转移

    主句谓语动词think,believe,imagine,supposeconsider,expect,fancy,guess等并且主句主语第一人称而且为一般现在时,从句的否定词一般要转移到主句上来,其反义疑问句一般与宾语从句一致. 例如; i don’t think he will come to my party.而不能说成i think he won’t come to my party.

    常见考法

    对于宾语从句考查,多以单选形式考查学生灵活运用。一般情况下常从引导词的选择时态一致性及从句陈述语序方面考查。

    典型例题:please tell me ______ last year.

    a.where does your sister work b where did your sister work

    c .where your sister works d where your sister worked

    解析:本题考查对宾语从句的掌握。宾语从句要用陈述语序,所以排除a和 b;last year 表示过去时 所以排除 c 。

    答案:d

    误区提醒

    宾语从句的语序要用陈述句语序 但要注意当疑问词为主语时句式为:疑问词+谓语+其他 ,问句和陈述句语序一样。

    典型例题:i didn't know ?

    a. what wrong was with her b.what was wrong with her

    c .what wrong is with her d.what is wrong with her

    解析:主句一般过去时,从句要用相应过去时态,所以排除c和d;what was wrong with her中,what作主语,所以问句本身又陈述句语序,不用变化。

    答案: b

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